The influence of NSAIDs on coumarin sensitivity in patients with CYP2C9 polymorphism after total hip replacement surgery
OBJECTIVE - To determine the influence of NSAIDs on the international normalized ratio (INR) in patients with cytochrome P450 (CYP)-2C9 enzyme variants starting acenocoumarol (an oral coumarin) therapy during the first 7 days after total hip replacement surgery.
In this prospective study, an age-dependent protocol was used for the initiation of the acenocoumarol dose. Low-molecular-weight heparin was given for 5 days. The study included 100 patients undergoing total hip replacement surgery. After the inclusion of the last patient, polymerase chain reaction CYP2C9 mutation testing was performed for all patients. Drug-use evaluation of NSAIDs and other potential coumarin-drug interactions was also performed.
Eleven patients had an INR on 1 or more days >4.9. There were 52 patients who were using NSAIDs. Patients with a CYP2C9 mutation had a mean INR curve similar to patients without the mutation when NSAIDs were not coadministered. Within the group of patients heterozygous for a CYP2C9 mutation (n=30) only concomitant use of a NSAID resulted in an INR >4.9 (0% vs 38.9%, p<0.05).
In the group of patients with a CYP2C9 variant (*2 or *3 alleles), only concomitant use of a NSAID resulted in INRs >4.9. The cost effectiveness of CYP2C9 screening before elective surgery has yet to be determined.
Mol Diagn Ther. 2007;11(2):123-8
Authors: Beinema MJ, de Jong PH, Salden HJ, van Wijnen M, van der Meer J, Brouwers JR